The Internet is the global system of interconnected computer networks that use the Internet protocol suite (TCP/IP) to link billions of devices worldwide. It is a network of networks that consists of millions of private, public, academic, business, and government networks of local to global scope, linked by a broad array of electronic, wireless, and optical networking technologies. The Internet carries an extensive range of information resources and services, such as the inter-linked hypertext documents and applications of the World Wide Web (WWW), electronic mail, telephony, and peer-to-peer networks for file sharing.

Although the Internet protocol suite has been widely used by academia and the military industrial complex since the early 1980s, events of the late 1980s and 1990s such as more powerful and affordable computers, the advent of fiber optics, the popularization of HTTP and the Web browser, and a push towards opening the technology to commerce eventually incorporated its services and technologies into virtually every aspect of contemporary life.

The impact of the Internet has been so immense that it has been referred to as the

What is a Mail Server and How Does it Work?


 A mail server (sometimes also referred to an e-mail server) is a server that handles and delivers e-mail over a network, usually over the Internet. A mail server can receive e-mails from client computers and deliver them to other mail servers. A mail server can also deliver e-mails to client computers. A client computer is normally the computer where you read your e-mails, for example your computer at home or in your office. Also an advanced mobile phone or Smartphone, with e-mail capabilities, can be regarded as a client computer in these circumstanc SMTP and POP3 server
When you press the “Send” button in your e-mail program (e-mail client) the program will connect to a server on the network / Internet that is called an SMTP server. SMTP is an acronym for Simple Mail Transfer Protocol and it is a protocol that is used when e-mails are delivered from clients to servers and from servers to other servers.

When you download e-mails to

Internet service providers vs content

The proposed transaction between Comcast Corp. and Time Warner Cable Inc. highlights the vast gap between the world the broadband industry’s critics imagine and the real world in which these companies compete.

Device, app and content companies are capturing most of the benefits created by Internet service providers. I recently studied two groups of companies – firms that provide the Internet, like AT&T and Verizon, and those that use it, like Facebook and Google. The Internet giants earn six to eight times the rate of return of ISP, which must continually improve its networks to keep pace with rapidly growing bandwidth demands while the device and content providers realize the bulk of the value.

While critics imagine a post-transaction Comcast dominating the market, the content and device providers, not the cable providers, hold the cards. Content costs drive cable price increases on consumers, because the connection is worthless without them.

Comcast has far faster Internet speeds and more consumer offerings than Time Warner, so its combination will simply amount to a “trade-up” for Time Warner customers. More important, the transaction will let it compete with Apple Inc., Netflix Inc., Google Inc. and the other true

Have the Passion in IT? Here We Go!

The development of technology is very fast nowadays and there are many people who are interested to work in it. Are you one of the people who have the interest to work in IT? Why do you love to work in IT program? Well, we know that if we learn about IT or information technology, we will be able to have the further access for the development of technology. Besides, we will be able to develop more technology from what has been established.
Well, nowadays, there are many kinds of jobs offered for the IT developer. Are you interested to work in IT? If yes, why do not you try to look for the job in IT? But if you are looking for the job in IT, make sure that you really pay attention for the specification and also for the other aspects. Make sure also to find out about the further prospects also. It is very important for you to see how the prospects in the future. Here we have the best jobs offered for the IT developer and also for the other software creator. You can get redirected here in order to find out the further vacancy

Home Web Server Security



My other articles have mainly focused on effectively securing your computer. This article is for folks who’ve gone a step further and want to safely and securely set up a web server on their home PC. If you are planning on doing so, or you already have done so, you should ensure that, in the least, you have a few precautions in place.

Not more than 8 years ago, the thought of a home user hosting a web server was something that would have been laughable. But with the popularity of BSD and Linux on the rise, and free server software such as Apache becoming more commonly used, it’s no longer as unlikely as it would have seemed then. Even Microsoft has a personal Web server available for home use.

As with every new technology that is given to the masses, security problems are sure to pop up. It’s so easy to set up a web server and host your own web site these days that there is little, if any, incentive not to do so on your own computer. Most users think it’s

Small Internet Service Providers Outswim the Telecom Sharks

The seminar was so pessimistic and foreboding that I still remember it with a chill, though it took place five years ago.

Pioneering Internet entrepreneurs, economists and populist academics at the Computers, Freedom and Privacy conference all rose to decry what at the time seemed inevitably around the corner. Internet services, the link that even then was beginning to seem as necessary as air, would soon be available only from a handful of big telecom companies.

In one of the Internet’s big surprises, they were proved wrong.

That outcome seems to defy the laws of gravity–or at least the laws and deals of monopoly capitalism–in the aftermath of the 1996 Telecommunications Act.

AT&T has hungrily gobbled TCI and opened its $58-billion maw to attempt to swallow MediaOne. Bell Atlantic is seeking to acquire GTE; WorldCom took over MCI; SBC Communications grabbed Pacific Telesis and is awaiting approval on its proposed bid for Ameritech, and Deutsche Telekom and Telecom Italia hope to consummate a merger to create what could be the largest communications company on Earth.

Yet independent Internet service providers have somehow swum faster

People flay snapping of internet services in Jammu

JAMMU: Residents and the business community in Jammu today flayed the state government’s move to snap internet connection in the region, along with the Kashmir Valley, saying that it had affected them badly.

“My business has come to a complete halt for the last two days, I have faced a huge loss in the business as I was not able to book a single airline ticket,” Pradeep Singh who runs an airline ticket booking agency in Jammu said.

Singh said that with the snapping of all type of internet services in the state, including Jammu region, the business of hundreds of people like him has suffered badly.

“I am not the only one but there are hundreds of people like me who run their livelihood by booking airline tickets using internet and all of them have been badly hit by the two days ban on the services,” Singh said.

The residents in Jammu are furious over the government’s decision to snap the internet services in Jammu region, as they say that there was no need to take such a step in Jammu as there was no apprehension of turmoil here.

Not only

Google & RailTel start free public WiFi at Mumbai Central

NEW DELHI: Making high-speed Internet available to millions of Indians who travel through railway stations everyday, the Indian Railways’ arm RailTel which provides Internet services as RailWire via its extensive fiber network, today announced the launch of free high-speed public Wi-Fi service in partnership with Google at Mumbai Central. The project was announced last September during Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s visit to Google headquarters in Mountain View.

Google has committed to work with Indian Railways and RailTel to expand the network quickly to cover 100 of the busiest stations by end of this year and will eventually roll out the service in 400 railway stations across India. Even with just the first 100 stations online, this project will make Wi-Fi available to millions of Indians – who pass through railway stations every day, making it the largest public Wi-Fi project in India and among the largest in the world by number of potential users, according to a statement by the company.

Railwire Wi-Fi will be available to any user who has a working mobile connection on a smartphone. Users will be able to easily stream a high definition video while they’re waiting, research their destination, or

Nine startup founders including Zomato’s Deepinder Goyal appeal TRAI to preserve open internet

NEW DELHI: Nine startup founders, including Zomato’s Deepinder Goyal, Paytm’s Vijay Shekhar Sharma,’s Faisal Farooqui and GoQii’s Vishal Gondal, have urged the regulator to stop telecom or content providers from acting as gatekeepers offering restricted Internet services.

In a letter addressed to Telecom Regulatory Authority of India chairman RS Sharma, the nine founders appealed for the preservation of the open nature of the Internet.

The open nature of the Internet has spurred innovation and enabled startups to flourish. The success of Google, Facebook or of several Indian startups, including those founded by the below signatories to this letter, is a result of the open nature of the Internet that permitted innovation without any entry barriers,” said the letter, which was drafted by the Software Freedom Law Centre and submitted on Tuesday.

The other executives who signed the letter are Manish Vij, founder of SVG Media; Sachin Bhatia, cofounder and CEO of TrulyMadly; Vineet Dwivedi, founder and CEO of; Alok Agarwal, cofounder and business head at, and Bharat Gulia, cofounder of Metis Learning.

“No telecom operator, in the name of any agenda whatsoever, should be allowed to split the

Airtel partners Google for Internet services

NEW DELHI: Bharti Airtel today said it has partnered with Google to launch a service ‘Free Zone’, wherein subscribers will be able to access Google services such as gmail, Google+ and Google search on their mobile phones without any data cost.

The users, however, have to pay for advanced services such as attachment downloads, the company said in a statement.

Free Zone powered by Google, will give Airtel mobile customers access to mobile web search and feature phone friendly versions of Gmail and Google+ in India. The first page of a website linked from search results is provided at no data cost,” Airtel said.

The company added when users leave the Free Zone to navigate deeper into a website or download an attachment they are informed about the data charges and given the option to purchase an appropriate data package.

“In this market, where feature phones predominate, our association with Google to bring Free Zone to India will encourage millions of users to discover the power of mobile Internet for the very first time and leverage the amazing world of information search, email and social collaboration – at no incremental cost,” Bharti Airtel Chief

Internet services snap for three hrs in Kashmir due to snowfall

SRINAGAR: Internet services in Kashmir were today snapped for nearly three hours due to snowfall across the Valley.

Both broadband internet services on landlines and mobile internet services were affected this morning as moderate to heavy snowfall was reported from almost all parts of Kashmir, officials said.

Internet services on mobile phones were partially working but at a very slow speed.

“I have not been able to access internet either through my broadband connection or dongle. The telecom companies are not even responding to queries on the reason for disruption of services,” Irfan Ahmad, a businessman, said.

However, the internet services were restored after remaining down for three hours.

Reliance to launch biz internet services

BANGALORE: Reliance Communications on Wednesday announced plans to roll out business internet services for small and medium enterprises in top ten cities and 200-odd tier-II cities in India.

The telecom service provider has joined hands with networking firm Cisco to provide the services, which were launched in Bangalore on Wednesday.

Reliance Communication will use Cisco’s carrier grade Ethernet solution as part of its IP infrastructure for the joint commercial service offering, Reliance Communications President and CEO (Enterprise Business) Prakash Bajpai told reporters.

“It will be rolled out in top ten cities in the next two months, and 200-odd tier-II cities thereafter,” he said.

The solution by Cisco will provide a scalable and manageable connectivity with the required quality of service levels, Cisco Senior Vice-President (Commercial) for India and SAARC operations Pramodh Menon said.

The services bundled suite includes hi-speed broadband access, anti virus suite, business e-mail packages, domain name service, firewall and local area network and wide area network.

Bajpai said the launch is the first step in Reliance’s endeavour to provide tailor-made package for SME market.

Hacker Guilty In Web-site Case

A computer hacker pleaded guilty Monday to a misdemeanor federal offense for deleting information from two Internet Web sites maintained by a former employer.

James S. Watson, 25, of Naperville, apparently disgruntled over his departure from U.S. Web, an Internet service provider, used confidential passwords he had learned as a employee to access the Web sites of two of the company’s clients.

Watson admitted he caused portions of the Web sites to appear blank by deleting text or code, according to Assistant U.S. Atty. Mark Filip.

The damage took only 10 minutes to fix but cost U.S. Web about $21,400, Filip said.

Teen charged with clogging Web site

A Chicago teenager was indicted Wednesday on charges of teaming with friends to shut down a Canadian-based Internet service provider for nearly a day by flooding it with multiple requests for information at the same time.

Andrzaj Maj, 19, has been held without bond by federal authorities since his arrest in December, said Assistant U.S. Atty. Barry Miller.

The FBI had originally investigated Maj for purchasing five diamonds online with what authorities said was a stolen credit card.

The alleged Internet fraud was discovered when agents seized his computer.

Miller said Maj had become angered when Elite Media of Edmonton closed a favorite chat room of his. Maj recruited friends to overwhelm Elite Media with excessive requests simultaneously.

Also knocked out was OA Group, the Internet service provider for Elite Media.

Thinking The World Of Earthlink

After February Merger, New Company Becomes Second-largest Internet Service Provider In U.s.

Q–What’s the future for Internet provider EarthLink Inc., especially as a choice for my individual retirement account? So much has been said about the America Online/Time Warner merger, I’m curious about EarthLink’s prospects.

A–While analysts are still crunching the numbers on this newly merged company, a solid buy recommendation will likely be the consensus.

EarthLink Inc., the second-largest U.S. Internet service provider behind America Online, is the result of the $4 billion merger of MindSpring Enterprises and EarthLink Network that was completed Feb. 4. The merged firm serves 3.1 million members.

Hoping to boost its subscriber base to 4.5 million customers this year, the company has significantly ramped up its advertising campaign through commercials and billboards nationwide.

“This is a case in which one plus one is greater than two,” said Joseph Abbott, equity strategist with the I/B/E/S International research firm, noting that despite its excellent prospects, EarthLink is expected to post a loss of 75 cents to $1.25 a share this year. “This company has just become the No. 2 Internet

Karen Eaton, 49 / Employer: Interaccess, An Internet Service Provider / Salary Range $50,000 To $100,000

Why did you choose this field?

I grew up in Wheeling and, after graduating from Wheeling High School, I got married and had two wonderful children. My first job was working as a dispatcher for a small, local telecommunications company. My boss thought I should learn systems repair and installation, so I went out in the field with the guys and did telecom installations as well as technical support. When the company was bought by another firm, I went to another telecom company, working in customer service and technical support.

Again, that company was bought out, and I moved on to the former Northern Telecom, working as a field support engineer. The boss I had there went to U S West, and I followed him as a project manager and technical support. While at Northern Telecom, I was the first woman in the telecom industry for repair and troubleshooting of Customer Premise Equipment. While at U S West, from 1985 to 1987, there were some women starting in the business, but it was very difficult for a woman to be considered

Comcast trying out Internet usage pricing, dropping caps

Comcast Corp said on Thursday
it will introduce a trial for usage-based billing for its
Internet subscribers in a move seen to pre-empt more complaints
the cable company favors its own Web video service over rivals.

Usage-based pricing would allow Comcast to charge its
customers for the amount of data they use with a utility meter
rather than pay a flat fee like they do today. Currently, that
flat fee is priced on Internet speed and also features a 250 GB
data cap each month.

Comcast, the No.1 U.S. residential Internet service
provider, said the cap would now be raised to 300 GB for those
in the usage trial, the equivalent of downloading about 50 high
definition movies. It did not give a time frame for the trial
which will take place in two of its markets.

Comcast executive vice president Cathy Avgiris said the
average Comcast customer doesn’t come close to its current

Executives on a conference call said the changes were being
made to adapt to a changing marketplace and technology, but
several industry watchers pointed to a recent high

Consumer groups want Comcast fined over file sharing

NEW YORK — A coalition of consumer groups and legal scholars on Thursday formally asked the Federal Communications Commission to stop Comcast from interfering with file sharing by its Internet subscribers.

Two of the groups also are asking the FCC to fine Comcast $195,000 for every affected subscriber.

The petitions will be the first real test of the FCC’s stance on “Net neutrality,” the principle that Internet traffic be treated equally by carriers. The agency has a policy supporting the concept but its position hasn’t been tested in a real-world case.

The long-standing industry practice of treating Internet traffic more or less equally has started to fray. In tests spanning several states, The Associated Press found that Comcast hindered file sharing by subscribers who used BitTorrent, a popular file-sharing program. The findings, first reported Oct. 19, confirmed claims by users who also noticed interference with other file-sharing applications.

Comcast is the country’s largest cable company and has 12.9 million Internet subscribers, making it the second-largest Internet service provider.

Comcast denies that it blocks file sharing but acknowledged last week that it was “delaying” some of the

Good Intentions Can Yield Bad Results

Congress voted overwhelmingly to pass, and President Clinton signed, legislation to protect children from online predators.

My husband and I have experienced firsthand why, though well-intended, this and similar legislation merits a judicial challenge and review.

Last fall–on the word of a disgruntled neighbor who claimed that some Internet postings allegedly targeting their child originated in our home–our local police department, state’s attorney’s office and the FBI accessed our phone and Internet service provider records.

Additionally, an attempt was made to subpoena our Internet service provider to find out which Web sites we frequented; my husband was called in for questioning; two members of our family were summoned to appear before three separate grand juries; and ultimately, my husband was charged with two Class B misdemeanor counts of transmitting obscene material over telephone lines.

In spite of having physical evidence and witness affidavits to confirm that my husband was out of state the week of the alleged postings, we have been unable to have the charges against him dismissed. Our suspicion, later confirmed by our Internet service provider, was that our account may have been accessed illegally.

To date,

REFILE- Millionaire entrepreneur and Internet plan key in Australian election

A popular millionaire technology
entrepreneur behind the Australian opposition’s flagship revised
plan for a national high-speed internet service is a
not-so-secret weapon in Saturday’s federal election.

Malcolm Turnbull, former Liberal Party leader and the
communications spokesman for the Liberal-led coalition, which is
expected to be the runaway winner in the vote, is well-liked by
both business and the public.

A former lawyer, Turnbull earned his technology stripes as a
major investor and chairman of OzEmail, an internet service
provider that became the first Australian tech stock to list on
the Nasdaq in 1996.

He was ranked 197 on a Business Review Weekly (BRW) list of
Australia’s rich, with A$186 million, in 2010, though Turnbull
denied the BRW figures.

More left-leaning than his successor as party leader, Tony
Abbott, Turnbull is consistently chosen in opinion polls as the
country’s preferred leader over his right-wing boss, with his
appeal extending to swing voters.

Turnbull’s cheaper, slower alternative to the current
government’s A$34 billion National Broadband Network (NBN),
however, is significantly less popular.

“What they are trying to do is offer us a bag of lollies
(sweets) by saying we can